Culture

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Material and Non-Material Culture

Our Christian Nation | First Things
— all true culture is built on spiritual beliefs
Modernity is built on the crumbling ruins of Western Christendom

Etymology of Culture
— derived from the Latin word ‘Colere’, to cultivate or tend. During medieval period culture was in the form of Agriculture to indicate the improved yield of sown seeds. By the 18th and 19th century, it came to indicate the human behavioural pattern. (toppr)

True Culture

Putting Cult Back In Culture — Antidote to Modernity
Scholars typically define Culture each in their own different way.
So I take license to define Culture by way of the cult of a people, based upon their worship of divinity by which their human cultural worldview is formed, from which their human activity derives.
In that respect, indigenous peoples possess True Culture (like the First Peoples of northern Columbia, especially the Arhuaco), and not merely Modern commercial, commodified human activity.

In the mid 1400s, Culture (from Latin cultura) referred simply to cultivating, to agriculture — the tending, guarding, tilling, growing or cultivation of crops.
By the 1620s, the meaning of the word Culture expanded to include the cultivation of seafood (fish, oysters, etc.).
And by 1880, that meaning included cultivation of microorganisms in a suitable environment (such as bacteria in a Petri dish filled with agar solution).
Then in 1884, definition of Culture included the product(s) of such activity of culture.
In 1500, Culture also took on a figurative meaning of cultivation through education — the systematic improvement and refinement of the mind; of learning and taste as the intellectual side of civilization.
But that useage was uncommon until the 1800s, except as a metaphor.
However, by 1805 Culture came to mean learning and taste, the intellectual side of civilization.
And by 1867, Culture included the collective customs and achievements of a people, a particular form of collective intellectual development.

Cult (Worship) | Encyclopedia.com
Cult (religious practice) | Wikipedia
Petri dish | Wikipedia
— Culture is environment (like a Petri dish) that sustains organisms; unfortunately culture (agri-culture) gives rise to Civilization, to cities which could not have come into being without agri-culture.

Colombia’s Guardians of the Homelands

Wikitionary: cultivate, cultivation, agriculture, culture

In The Americas with David Yetman
Season 8 Episode 810
Colombia’s Guardians of the Homelands
— "Homelands of the Arhuaco and the Wayúu people of northern Columbia offer sharp contrasts. Arhuaco occupy the southern slopes of the gigantic and isolated Sierra Marta, while the Wayúus live in the semiarid Guajira Peninsula in the Sierra’s rain shadow. Both suffer from relentless incursions of outsiders, each responding with its own brand of resistance."

The Wiwa - An Indigenous Tribe in the Colombian Mountains | YouTube
Surviving Columbus | YouTube
Native America | PBS
Native American societies before contact | Khan Academy

Picturing the peasant : nation and modernity in 20th century Bulgaria
Digitizing Cultural Heritage in Bulgaria

Triumph of Nature

History of the West is the story of human ambition to exert power over nature, including (in Modernity) power over human nature itself, but God in Nature (His Creation) is ultimately more powerful, and will bring to an end such human arrogance and hubris.

The Fate of Rome: Climate, Disease, and the End of an Empire
...the first book to examine the catastrophic role that climate change and infectious diseases played in the collapse of Rome’s power — a story of nature’s triumph over human ambition.

Cultural Revolution

America’s Cultural Revolution?
To purge the upper echelons of power, Mao set a group of screaming, self-righteous Red Guards in clamorous motion. In the name of overthrowing the Four Olds (Old Ideas, Old Culture, Old Habits, and Old Customs), belligerent Red Guards demanded to assign new names to historical sites, destroyed statues and temples, burned books, and publicly reviled teachers and intellectuals. Once given license to denounce all authority, those young, radical students, some of them no older than fourteen, were emboldened to torture and kill the innocent.
For a decade, the Chinese Cultural Revolution thoroughly wrecked the economy, uprooted traditions, destroyed social trust by turning family members on each other, and worst of all, killed well more than a million people. One can only wonder how far its American replication will go.

SeeWilliam Leach, Civil War (aka Second American Revolution)

Daniel Bell

Daniel Bell | Wikipedia
The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism | Wikipedia
Culture of capitalism | Wikipedia
Capitalist culture and ideology | Wikipedia
Cultural hegemony | Wikipedia

Civilization

SeeOil (Petroleum). Babylon, The Beast

“Civilization” is euphemism for urbanization (not actual, real culture, but city-state building), and in Modernity, specifically corporatist techno-industrial urbanism.
Cultures that do not build cities have historically been derogatorily termed “uncivilized”, barbarian, or savage. Yet, urbanization has historically been an unhealthy affair.
Civilization is ...
Cain & descendent (Tubalcain) — founders of first agricultural based city and technology
— Babylon, Assyria, Egypt, Persia, Incas, Aztecs, NYC, LA, Chicago,....

Mesopotamia 4000-3500 B.C.
Ancient Egypt 3100 B.C.
Ancient India 3300 B.C.
Ancient China 2000 B.C.
Ancient Peru 1200 B.C.
Ancient Mesoamerica 1200 B.C.
Ancient Greece 1200 B.C.
Ancient Rome 753 B.C.
Spanish Empire 1492 A.D.
British Empire 1497 A.D.
French Empire 1804 A.D.
Soviet Union 1922 A.D.
Third Reich 1933 A.D.
U.S.A. 1945 A.D.

How empty office buildings are setting cities on a doom loop | 60 Minutes Jan 14, 2024

Ancient toilets unearthed in Jerusalem reveal a debilitating and sometimes fatal disease

I can relate to ...
Leave No Trace Official Trailer | YouTube
Leave No Trace (film) | Wikipedia
— “the most reviewed film to hold an approval rating of 100% on Rotten Tomatoes”

Filmed in San Antonio: ‘Still Breathing’ movie starring Brendan Fraser a celebration of true love and San Antonio
Still Breathing | Variety
Still Breathing (1997) | YouTube
Fletcher McBracken: Lemme ask you a question, Phil - and you don't have to answer it if you don't want to. D'you think that every last thread of intelligent life has chosen to huddle in either New York or LA? Or do you really believe that-that this soulless sinkhole has anything to do with real life humanity - namely integrity, compassion, dignity? Y'know what, don't answer that, Phil. Just lemme just give you some advice. Next time you're driving through Texas, you better stay clear of all the trailer parks. And if you *are* driving through Texas, why don't you do it fast - real, *real* fast.

Tower of Babel

Tower of Babel | Wikipedia
Tower of Babel (Bruegel) | Wikipedia

Ship of Fools

Ship of fools | Wikipedia
Ship of fools (satire) | Wikipedia

foolishness | Wikitionary
hubris | Wikitionary

White Man’s Burden

White Man’s Burden | Wikipedia

Manifest Destiny

Manifest destiny | Wikipedia

Aesthetics

Civilization gives rise to specialization, and all manner of specialties that cannot exist in culture alone, at which point “culture” in civilization becomes a function of aesthetics (“good taste”) in such things as design, art, architecture, literature, music, theater, etc. ...

SeeFashion

“Sorry Charlie! Starkist wants tunas that taste good, not tunas with good taste.”
Charlie the Tuna | Wikipedia
"Sorry Charlie" Catchphrase | YouTube
Charlie’s Favorite Moments | StarKist
Story of Charlie the Tuna | YouTube
Commercial Starkist Tuna 1960's | YouTube
Vintage 1962 Starkist Tuna Commercial Charlie the Tuna Has a Girlfriend | YouTube

Cultural Landscape

Cultural landscape | Wikipedia
About Cultural Landscapes
The Environment and Culture are inseparable
Cultural Identities and Cultural Landscapes: Diversity and Uniformity
How Does Earth’s Surface Affect Culture?
How Does Geography Affect Culture: Discover The Cultural Differences
The environment shapes behaviour
Environmental culture: the total of learned behavior, attitudes, practices and knowledge that a society has with respect to maintaining or protecting its natural resources, the ecosystem and all other external conditions affecting human life.